Articles



March 2006 Newsletter: History of laryngoscopy

Wednesday, March 01, 2006
Routine laryngoscopy is part of the pre-operative assessment for patients undergoing thyroid or parathyroid surgery and is, as such, an integral component of endocrine surgical practice. Indirect laryngoscopy however was actually invented by an opera singer. The laryngoscope was invented by the Spanish singer Manuel Garcia in order to allow him to inspect his own vocal cords during singing pra ..Read More

November 2005 Newsletter: The first successful phaeochromocytoma removal

Tuesday, November 01, 2005
At the IAES Meeting in Durban in August, Jon van Heerden presented the story of Mother Joachim, the first successfully removed phaeochromocytoma in the US. Whilst a number of such tumours had been previously removed in Europe, the accurate recording and astute observations make a fascinating story. Mother Joachim was a 30 yr old nun from Ontario, Canada, and was referred to the Mayo Clinic ..Read More

July 2005 Newsletter: Non-resectional surgery for thyrotoxicosis

Friday, July 01, 2005
Cecil Joll devoted an entire chapter of his historic book to non resectional surgical treatment of thyrotoxicosis. The following are selected extracts. Thymectomy: Markham (1858) was the first to note the co-existence of enlargement of the thymus and thyroid in exophthalmic goitre. Zesas (1910) advocated removal of the thymus to the exclusion of thyroidectomy. Von Harberer treated 35 cases ..Read More

March 2005 Newsletter: The mechanism of thyrotoxicosis

Tuesday, March 01, 2005
“Exopthalmic goitre” widely known as Graves’ Disease in the English-speaking world was actually first noted by Caleb Hiller Parry in 1786. It was not until 1825 however that his account of eight patients with “enlargement of the thyroid gland in connexion with palpitation of the heart” was published posthumously. In 1835 Robert Graves described three patients with “a newly observed affectation ..Read More

October 2004 Newsletter: The first parathyroidectomy

Friday, October 01, 2004
Countless articles and references describe the first recognised successful parathyroidectomy performed by Felix Mandl in 1925 on a Viennese streetcar conductor with osteitis fibrosa cystica. However that procedure may not have been the first successful removal of a parathyroid tumour associated with symptoms of hyperparathyroidism The following extract from Sir John Bland-Sutton’s 1917 textboo ..Read More

October 2003 Newsletter: The first operation for insulinoma

Wednesday, October 01, 2003
The first described operation for insulinoma was in an orthopaedic surgeon, Dr Dickinson Ober Wheelock. Wheelock was first seen at the Mayo Clinic in 1922 with “stomach trouble” and diagnosed as chronic cholecystitis. He had previously undergone a laparotomy and gastroenterostomy in 1918 for attacks of epigastric pain and ”shock”. He returned to the Mayo Clinic in 1926 with recurrent symptoms. ..Read More

August 2003 Newsletter: The tubercle of Zuckerkandl

Friday, August 01, 2003
The tubercle of Zuckerkandl is a distinct anatomical entity that was first described by Emil Zuckerkandl in 1902. The description, and the clinical significance of the tubercle, was lost to endocrine surgeons until the last decade when the tubercle was “rediscovered” by a number of authors. Thyroid development involves the midline descent of thyroid tissue from the foramen caecum to the level  ..Read More

April 2003 Newsletter: Early pituitary surgery

Tuesday, April 01, 2003
The first pituitary operation was performed by Victor Horsley, of London, in 1889. Horsley was a general surgeon who pioneered intracranial operations. By 1913 the results of his first four craniotomies were published: all had visual field defects and headaches. One died after six hours, and the other three had serious complications, however they survived between nine months and eight years. A ..Read More

February 2003 Newsletter: History of thyroxine therapy

Monday, February 03, 2003
The function of the thyroid glands was discovered as a direct result of the effects of total thyroidectomy in man. This soon resulted in a reappraisal of the surgical approach to goitre and the preparation of an active thyroid extract for the relief of hypothyroidism. Theodore Kocher, appointed Professor of Surgery in Berne in 1872, essentially perfected the operation of thyroidectomy and was  ..Read More

June 2002 Newsletter: The rhinoceros and endocrine surgery

Monday, June 03, 2002
The Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is the international mascot of endocrine surgery. The story behind this relates to the discovery of the parathyroid glands. On 24th May 1834 the Zoological Society of London purchased its first Great Indian Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis; the commoner African Rhinoceros has two horns. It duly arrived at the Zoo and was a great attraction until it  ..Read More

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Just Updated

The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2019

Saturday, April 06, 2019
The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2019 1 - 2 November 2019 Pullman Melbourne on the Park 192 Wellington Parade, Melbourne, Victoria Early registration closure: 29 September 2019 For more information and to register please visit the meeting website. (https://surgeons.eventsair.com/alfred2019/alfred19) ..Read More

RACS 88th Annual Scientific Congress

Tuesday, February 19, 2019
Save the date for the RACS 88th Annual Scientific Congress 6-10 May 2019 Centara Grand & Bangkok Convention Centre | Bangkok, Thailand  ..Read More

Save the Date: 6th Postgraduate Course in Endocrine Surgery

Thursday, October 29, 2015
Save the date for the 6th Postgraduate Course in Endcorine Surgery 24th and 25th June 2016 Parkroyal Darling Harbour Sydney (Agenda to be published soon)  ..Read More

30th and 31st of October: The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2015

Thursday, October 29, 2015
 ..Read More

August 2013 - Symposium on the management of central compartment lymph node disease

Friday, August 09, 2013
THE ROLE OF LYMPH NODE SURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CENTRAL COMPARTMENT NODAL METASTASIS IN PAPILLARY THYROID CARCINOMA The following document summarizes a presentation given by A/Prof Mark Sywak at a Clinical Symposium on the management of central compartment lymph node disease. The symposium was held at the recent International Surgical Week, Helsinki FINLAND in August 2013.  ..Read More

August 2012 Newsletter: James Berry and His Thyroid Clinic

Thursday, August 16, 2012
HISTORICAL NOTE JAMES BERRY AND HIS THYROID CLINIC Berry’s Ligament is certainly the most well known eponymous anatomical structure of relevance to thyroid surgery, tethering the thyroid gland to the trachea and lying, as it does, at the crucial point where the recurrent laryngeal nerve is most likely to be injured. James Berry was a formidable surgeon who established a Thyroid Surgical Clinic ..Read More

July 2011 Newsletter: Rundle and His Curve

Saturday, June 11, 2011
Rundle’s curve is a well known phenomenon, found in many ophthalmology and endocrinology textbooks. It describes the natural history of the orbital changes in Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Whilst all the primary research underlying this observation was undertaken in the London, Rundle was in fact an Australian, and later returned to Sydney to make a significant contribution to the surgic ..Read More

March 2010 Newsletter: Cecil Joll and His Instruments

Monday, September 27, 2010
Joll's thyroid retractor Thyroid surgeons from last century were at the forefront of developing surgical instruments to facilitate safe and effective thyroid surgery. Such instruments remain in widespread use in all forms of surgery today. In this current era of sutureless thyroidectomy, where almost the entire procedure can be performed with a small, hand-held, disposable vessel sealin ..Read More

November 2009 Newsletter: IAES - The International Association of Endocrine Surgeons

Wednesday, January 20, 2010
The IAES owes its origins to Peter Heimann, Professor of Surgery, Bergen, Norway. He was a general surgeon with a particular interest in the thyroid gland, and it was his ambition to polarize the activities of those general surgeons interested in the endocrine system into a special group within the Société Internationale de Chirurgie (SIC). In 1978, Peter Heimann wrote to some of his frien ..Read More

September 2009 Newsletter: A Tale of Two Celts

Wednesday, January 20, 2010
Immunogenic thyrotoxicosis is commonly referred to as Graves’ disease after the Irish physician Robert Graves. That however is a case of mistaken eponymous attribution to the wrong Celt, and the disorder should really be called Parry’s disease after the Welsh physician, Caleb Parry, who was the first to describe the clinical features. Robert Graves was born in Dublin in 1797, the son  ..Read More
 

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