Articles



April 2009 Newsletter: History of thyroid fine needle biopsy

Wednesday, April 01, 2009
Thyroid fine needle biopsy is now accepted as the definitive diagnostic procedure in the investigation of thyroid nodules. It was developed at the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden, and many decades passed before the technique was accepted worldwide. Fine needle biopsy (FNB) is more than 100 years old. In 1904 Greig and Gray reported that trypanosomal organisms could be detected in need ..Read More

December 2010 Newsletter: Theodore Kocher and His Nobel Prize

Monday, December 08, 2008
Theodore Kocher is known as the “father of thyroid surgery”. He was also the first surgeon to receive the Nobel Prize, which many have assumed was awarded for his having introduced the modern era of safe and effective thyroid surgery. This however was almost certainly not the case. Theodor Kocher (1841-1917) was appointed to the Chair of Surgery in Berne, Switzerland in 1872 ..Read More

December 2008 Newsletter: History of thyroid ultrasound

Monday, December 01, 2008
Thyroid and parathyroid ultrasound are now part of routine clinical practice, with endocrine surgeons and endocrinologists around the world being encouraged to incorporate clinician-performed ultrasound (CPU) as an extension of clinical examination. What is not commonly appreciated is that thyroid and parathyroid ultrasound, and the technological developments that led to their introduction int ..Read More

August 2008 Newsletter: History of goitre management

Friday, August 01, 2008
The German anatomist and surgeon, Lorenz Heister was born in Frankfurt in 1683 and appointed to the Chair in Surgery and Anatomy in Altdor. In his textbook “Chirurgie” we find some of the earliest descriptions of various medical and surgical approaches for the management of goitre. “In the case of a recent goitre the patient must be given a good diet and suitable sudorific and purgative drugs. ..Read More

April 2008 Newsletter: History of thyroid function

Tuesday, April 01, 2008
It is interesting to review historical attitudes towards the presumed function of endocrine organs prior to any real understanding of endocrine physiology or pathology. Much was supposition, based on either anatomical relationships or chemical analysis. The following is an extract from an early (1880) edition of Gray’s Anatomy in which the writer speculates on the possible function of the thyr ..Read More

August 2007 Newsletter: Remarkables in art

Wednesday, August 01, 2007
Orlo Clark delivered the Historical Lecture entitled “Remarkables: endocrine abnormalities in art” at the recent IAES meeting in Montreal during International Surgical Week and is shortly to publish his book of the same title. It is well known that artists often truly depict anatomical realities associated with disease, including those depicting endocrine disorders. In his lecture Orlo Clark e ..Read More

April 2007 Newsletter: Experimental thyroid surgery

Sunday, April 01, 2007
Our understanding of thyroid physiology is largely based upon the outcomes of experimental thyroid surgery in animals. Schiff (1859) first described the striking results of ablation of the thyroid in experimental animals but it was not until 1884 that the matter was put on a firm basis by the same observer. He then also showed that by means of homotransplants of the thyroid, the consequences o ..Read More

January 2007 Newsletter: Lugol’s Iodine

Monday, January 01, 2007
An invaluable adjunct in the pre-operative preparation of patients with Graves’ Disease, Lugol’s iodine markedly reduces both the size and vascularity of the gland – however that was not the intent of its creator. Jean Guillaume Auguste Lugol was born in 1786 at Montauban, France. He graduated MD Paris in 1812 and seven years later was appointed to the staff of the Hopital St Louis. His  ..Read More

September 2006 Newsletter: Conn’s tumours

Friday, September 01, 2006
Jerome Conn’s belief that adrenal adenomas are a common surgically correctable cause of “essential hypertension” may yet be proven correct. In 1954, two years after the discovery of aldosterone, Jerome Conn from Ann Arbor, Michigan, described the syndrome of primary aldosteronism. The first patient was a woman of 34 years who had intermittent tetany, paraesthesia, periodic muscular weakness an ..Read More

June 2006 Newsletter: Endoc-criminology

Thursday, June 01, 2006
Michael Bliss, historian from the University of Toronto, delivered an address at the recent AAES meeting in New York describing the interaction between Harvey Cushing, a surgeon, and the Endocrine Society which had just elected him one of its first presidents. Cushing was scathing about the budding specialty of endocrinology, regarding many of its members as charlatans who practiced “endo-crim ..Read More

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Just Updated

The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2019

Saturday, April 06, 2019
The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2019 1 - 2 November 2019 Pullman Melbourne on the Park 192 Wellington Parade, Melbourne, Victoria Early registration closure: 29 September 2019 For more information and to register please visit the meeting website. (https://surgeons.eventsair.com/alfred2019/alfred19) ..Read More

RACS 88th Annual Scientific Congress

Tuesday, February 19, 2019
Save the date for the RACS 88th Annual Scientific Congress 6-10 May 2019 Centara Grand & Bangkok Convention Centre | Bangkok, Thailand  ..Read More

Save the Date: 6th Postgraduate Course in Endocrine Surgery

Thursday, October 29, 2015
Save the date for the 6th Postgraduate Course in Endcorine Surgery 24th and 25th June 2016 Parkroyal Darling Harbour Sydney (Agenda to be published soon)  ..Read More

30th and 31st of October: The Alfred General Surgery Meeting 2015

Thursday, October 29, 2015
 ..Read More

August 2013 - Symposium on the management of central compartment lymph node disease

Friday, August 09, 2013
THE ROLE OF LYMPH NODE SURGERY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CENTRAL COMPARTMENT NODAL METASTASIS IN PAPILLARY THYROID CARCINOMA The following document summarizes a presentation given by A/Prof Mark Sywak at a Clinical Symposium on the management of central compartment lymph node disease. The symposium was held at the recent International Surgical Week, Helsinki FINLAND in August 2013.  ..Read More

August 2012 Newsletter: James Berry and His Thyroid Clinic

Thursday, August 16, 2012
HISTORICAL NOTE JAMES BERRY AND HIS THYROID CLINIC Berry’s Ligament is certainly the most well known eponymous anatomical structure of relevance to thyroid surgery, tethering the thyroid gland to the trachea and lying, as it does, at the crucial point where the recurrent laryngeal nerve is most likely to be injured. James Berry was a formidable surgeon who established a Thyroid Surgical Clinic ..Read More

July 2011 Newsletter: Rundle and His Curve

Saturday, June 11, 2011
Rundle’s curve is a well known phenomenon, found in many ophthalmology and endocrinology textbooks. It describes the natural history of the orbital changes in Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Whilst all the primary research underlying this observation was undertaken in the London, Rundle was in fact an Australian, and later returned to Sydney to make a significant contribution to the surgic ..Read More

March 2010 Newsletter: Cecil Joll and His Instruments

Monday, September 27, 2010
Joll's thyroid retractor Thyroid surgeons from last century were at the forefront of developing surgical instruments to facilitate safe and effective thyroid surgery. Such instruments remain in widespread use in all forms of surgery today. In this current era of sutureless thyroidectomy, where almost the entire procedure can be performed with a small, hand-held, disposable vessel sealin ..Read More

November 2009 Newsletter: IAES - The International Association of Endocrine Surgeons

Wednesday, January 20, 2010
The IAES owes its origins to Peter Heimann, Professor of Surgery, Bergen, Norway. He was a general surgeon with a particular interest in the thyroid gland, and it was his ambition to polarize the activities of those general surgeons interested in the endocrine system into a special group within the Société Internationale de Chirurgie (SIC). In 1978, Peter Heimann wrote to some of his frien ..Read More

September 2009 Newsletter: A Tale of Two Celts

Wednesday, January 20, 2010
Immunogenic thyrotoxicosis is commonly referred to as Graves’ disease after the Irish physician Robert Graves. That however is a case of mistaken eponymous attribution to the wrong Celt, and the disorder should really be called Parry’s disease after the Welsh physician, Caleb Parry, who was the first to describe the clinical features. Robert Graves was born in Dublin in 1797, the son  ..Read More
 

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